If you have tender, red, swollen and bleeding gums you may need gingivitis treatment. Gingivitis is the earliest form of gum disease that can resolve with good oral hygiene. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a condition that causes pocketing around the teeth and tooth loss.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease. These include:
- Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, make gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Illnesses may affect the condition of your gums. This includes diseases such as cancer or HIV that interfere with the immune system. Because diabetes affects the body’s ability to use blood sugar, patients with this disease are at higher risk of developing infections, including periodontal disease and cavities.
- Medications can affect oral health, because some lessen the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums. Some drugs, such as the anticonvulsant medication Dilantin and the anti-anginadrug Pericardia and Adalat, can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
- Bad habits such as smoking make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself.
- Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis, make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor for the development of gingivitis. – WebMD
How Is gingivitis treated?
You must practice proper oral hygiene to treat gingivitis. You should also cut back on any smoking and control your diabetes. Other treatments include deep cleaning your teeth, antibiotic medications, and surgery.
- Dental Cleaning
- Scaling removes tartar from above and below the gum line.
- Root planing smoothes rough spots and removes infected tooth parts.
- Lasers may remove tartar with less pain and bleeding than scaling and root planing.
- Flap surgery is a procedure where the gums are lifted back while plaque is removed. The gums are then sutured in place to fit snugly around the tooth.
- Bone and tissue grafts can be used where the teeth and jaw are too damaged to heal.
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